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[美国]留学签证相关问题及最新政策
【 发布时间:2014-8-25 】

一、America Welcomes Foreign Students
美国欢迎外国学生

外国学生把各种不同的观念和文化带入大学。美国人也能从外国学生那里学到很多

美国政府相信这些学生回国后会成为佼佼者,并会把美国的文化和生活信息传授给他人。这可以促进两国间的友好关系和相互理解

 

二、Myths流言

1、There are quotas for the number of Chinese students who receive visas.

中国学生获得美国签证是有配额的

Truth: There is no limit to how many students may receive their visas

真实的情况:学生的获签人数并没有限制.

2、The process of applying for a U.S. visa is too long and troublesome
申请学生签证的程序太长,而且很麻烦

Truth: Without extra background check, it could take as short as one week to receive your visa.

真实的情况:如果不用背景调查, 您一般能在一周之就内获得签证.

3、If you have family members in the U.S., you cannot get a visa

如果你有家人在美国,你不可能得到签证

Truth: Family members in the U.S. does not prohibit you from receiving your student visa. It’s a matter of whether you have immigrant intent to join those family members.

真实的情况: 在美有亲戚并不意味着你不能获得签证.问题是你有没有移民倾向去跟你的亲戚生活在一起.

4、To get a visa to the United States you need to major in sciences (or business), or have a scholarship

欲获得美国签证, 必须学习理科(或商科), 或具有奖学金

Truth: Students with arts degrees and no scholarship get approved everyday.

真实的情况:每天都有文科和没有奖学金的学生获得签证.

 

三、Reality现状

n During FY 2008, 82,000+ student visas were issued in China.

在2008财政年度, 我们在中国签发的学生签证数量超过82,000个.

n This represents a 20% increase from FY 2007.

此数量与2007财政年度相比增长了20%.

n Nearly 5% of all graduate students in the US are Chinese

大约5%的在美国研究生是中国公民

n China is the number two top sender of foreign students to the U.S.

中国位居海外留学生数量第二位.

n The U.S. is the premier destination for foreign students,

and represents a great educational bargain
美国是海外留学生的首选目的地并且代表着物超所值的教育机会

o Many Chinese students receive scholarships
很多中国学生获得奖学金

o Three-quarters of the tuition at public universities

is covered by US taxpayers whether or not you are

a citizen
无论你是否是美国公民,公立大学四分之三的学费是由美国的纳税人负担的

o Fifty percent of the tuition at private universities

is covered by the school’s endowment
私立大学百分之五十的学费来自于学校获得的捐款

n More than 80% of students applicants receive visas; more than 90% of graduate students receive visas

超过80% 的学生申请人获得签证; 超过90%的研究生以上申请人获得签证

 

四、Visa Officer’s role 签证官的角色

n We must determine that the student…

我们必须确定学生…

n Is accepted to a real school

已经被学校录取

n Has sufficient funds to pay for that school

有足够的资金支付学费

n Has minimum preparation for course of study

有基本的学习准备

n Intends to leave the U.S. after their studies.

打算在学习结束后离开美国

 

五、Factors Visa Officers consider 签证官考虑的因素

n Are you a legitimate student?

你是一个合格的学生吗?

o Bring all your acceptance letters, SEVIS receipt, and financial aid documents.

带好你的入学通知书,SEVIS收据和资金证明。

o Why did you choose your advisor and program?

为什么选择你的导师和课程?

n Can you pay for your education?

你能支付自己的教育费用吗?

o If parents are paying for your tuition, you need to show that your parents have had a stable job for a long time and a history of receiving a high income.

如果你的父母支付你的学费,你需要证明你的父母有

长期稳定的工作并且一直有着相当高的收入。

o High amounts of recently deposited money do not

help your case.

近期的巨额存款对你申请没有任何的帮助。

n Do you intend to return to China after graduation?

毕业之后你打算回国吗?

o We know that you do not always know what you want to do.

我们知道你有时候不知道要做什么,要去哪儿。

o Think through what you want to do with your degree, but don’t rehearse your speech.

仔细考虑你会如何使用你的学位,不用事先准备。

n Verbal and written at the end of interview

在面谈结束以后通过口头和书面告知

n Three types of decisions: 三种决定

o Accepted (will receive visa in 1 week by mail)

获签 (会在一周内通过邮局收到签证)

o Pending (document processing)

待定 (资料审核)

o Denied

拒签

 

What You Need to Know 你需要知道的

n Apply early: the Consulate recommends making an appointment two or three months in advance for any extra processing on your visa application.

提早申请,美国领事馆建议每位学生签证申请人提前两三月预约签证,以免额外的申请程序延误您的入学。

n But, remember: F, M or J non-immigrant visas will not be admitted to the U.S. until a date thirty days or less prior to the beginning of the program date, or start date, as given on the Form I-20 (for F or M visas) or DS-2019 (for J visas).

F、M和J类非移民签证的持有者,只有在签发的I-20表(F或M类签证)或DS-2019表(J类签证)上注明的所学课程或项目的开始日期的前30天内才能被准许入境。

 

七、Special Clearances特别审核

n Be Prepared

请准备好所有的文件。

o For graduate students, bring a detailed résumé, including a list of your publications
携带一份详细的个人简历, 包括发表著作的清单

o Bring a description of the research you will conduct

携带一份你将来所作研究课题的描述

o Bring your advisor’s biography

携带一份你导师的情况介绍携带一份发表著作的清单

o Electronic Visa Application Form (EVAF)
电子申请表格

n Fill out DS-156 application online:

在网上填写申请表格:

o You must complete the form in English.

必须用英文填写

o Print the completed form and bring it with you to your interview.

完整地填写表格并在面谈时递交

 

八、NEW DS-160 forms beginning March 1
NEW DS-160表从3月1日开始实行

n The application procedure for an F-1 visa remains the same. The only thing that has changed is the application form itself.

申请学生签证的程序没有改变. 只是申请表不同了.

n Make sure you select the right gender -- it will prompt you to different forms depending on your selection

请确认你选择正确的性别. 错误的选择将导致系统生成错误的表格.

n You must upload the right size photo, and bring it with you. If it’s too big, our system will refuse it.

请上传规定大小的照片, 并且带来面谈. 如果照片太大, 将不被我们的系统所接受.

n Fill out the form correctly and review it carefully. Once the application has been submitted, changes cannot be made. You may be turned back at the window for you to fix the errors.

请正确地填写表格并认真检查. 表格一旦上交, 你将不能对其做任何修改. 来到窗口的时候你将有可能被我们要求重新回去修正错误.

n Make sure you save the file locally, so you can download it again if it needs to be corrected.

请确认你在本地保存你的文件, 以使你能够在需要修改时能够重新下载.

n The DS-160 only replaces the DS-156, DS-157, and DS-158. It does NOT replace the I-20.

DS-160表可以替代DS-156, DS-157和DS-158, 但不能代替I-20表格.

 

九、Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) Fee - SEVIS费用

n This $200 fee is required for students and visitors applying for F-1, F-3, M-1, M-3, and J-1 visas. The payment of this fee covers the duration of their program.

这200美金的费用适用于那些申请F-1、F-3、M-1、M-3或J-1的学生和交流学者。这笔费用包含了整个项目。

n The fee must be paid and processed before the interview. Please bring your receipt with you to the interview.

费用必须在面谈之前支付。请在面谈时带着你的收据。

添加时间:2014-8-25



 
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